Research Inspiration: An International Multidisciplinary e-Journal http://www.researchinspiration.com/index.php/ri <p style="text-align: justify;"><a class="read-more" style="background: 0px 0px #e51515; border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.34); border-image: initial; border-radius: 3px; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; box-shadow: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.34) 0px 1px 0px inset, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.13) 0px 2px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08) 0px 3px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) 0px 3px 13px -1px; box-sizing: border-box; color: white; display: inline-block; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 600; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; margin: 12px 0px 0px; padding: 0px 10px; text-align: left; text-decoration-line: none; text-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15) 1px 2px 0px; transition: background 0.17s ease 0s; vertical-align: baseline;" href="http://jmsjournals.in/">Welcome </a> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Research Inspiration An International Multidisciplinary e-Journal, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India ISSN 2455-443x is Open</strong><strong> Access, Indexed &amp; Peer Reviewed e-Journal which is having the widest area of publishing research of all subjects at the International level. The journal is having a declared quarterly frequency of publication in each year i.e. January, April, July, and October. The journal is published regularly and in time in accordance with its the declared frequency. This journal is exclusively dedicated to the scholarly studies of new and existing literature of research work written in English and Hindi. The Journal welcomes original pieces of own research work and un-published research papers/articles. The Manuscripts are considered for publishing in the journal as Articles, Research Papers, Case studies, Book Reviews, Literary short stories, Literary stories, Poems theoretical or conceptual, original, cross-functional, Doctrinal Non- Doctrinal, Empirical Research, Socio-Legal Research, applied research papers, Legal Research, technical notes, and etc which also include critical analysis for all aspect of literature book reviews, translated work from the faculty members, graduates, independent researchers and authors from worldwide. </strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a class="read-more" style="background: 0px 0px #e51515; border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.34); border-image: initial; border-radius: 3px; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; box-shadow: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.34) 0px 1px 0px inset, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.13) 0px 2px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08) 0px 3px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) 0px 3px 13px -1px; box-sizing: border-box; color: white; display: inline-block; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 600; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; margin: 12px 0px 0px; padding: 0px 10px; text-align: left; text-decoration-line: none; text-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15) 1px 2px 0px; transition: background 0.17s ease 0s; vertical-align: baseline;" href="http://jmsjournals.in/">Aims and Scope </a> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>The scope of the journal is widely open to the Literature of various fields like Law, English, Languages, Technology, Management, Art &amp; Humanities, Science, Social sciences, Education and etc but it is not confined to only aforesaid subjects. The same is only illustrative. This Journal has got the widest area for publishing the research internationally. The journal welcomes innovative or new ideas of researchers and experienced to bring about change and development in the world. </strong><strong>This journal is helpful, useful, and beneficial for research scholars, students, Professors, teachers, institutions or organizations or establishments, commissions, governments, society, and other required persons concerned to conduct research &amp; do the needful as per requirements for the same from time to time..</strong></p> Welfare Universe en-US Research Inspiration: An International Multidisciplinary e-Journal 2455-443X Paddy Cultivating Marginalized Farmers’ Climate Change Perceptions, Impacts and Adaptation Strategies in Chandrapur District, Central India http://www.researchinspiration.com/index.php/ri/article/view/120 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed to assess paddy cultivating marginalized farmers’ perceptions of climate change, impacts, and adaptation strategies in Chandrapur district, central India. Purposive sampling was carried out to identify 70 marginalized farmers from the study area in the year 2020. A specially designed and developed questionnaire was used as a tool to elicit the information from the respondent. From the identified sample population, the maximum number of farmers (35.71%) are illiterate and don’t have a cell phone (57.14%). They have borrowed money to carry out agricultural activities from one or other source specifically from moneylenders (84.28%) followed by government banks (37.14%). Climate change perceptions by these farmers are well understood and clear and reported rain pattern change (85.71%) and high/low temperature (74.28%) as an important one. Crop residue burning is considered a major (94.28%) agricultural activity responsible for climate change. Impacts of climate change on agriculture, in general, is in the order of crop growth reduced &gt; production reduction &gt; irrigation water scarcity &gt; soil fertility reduction &gt; poor quality yield &gt; late/no seed germination. Impacts on paddy cultivation, in particular, are increased insect/pest attack, yield quality deterioration, and food production reduced. Quantity of surface water decrease is reported by 87.14% respondent. The cost of insecticide/pesticide used is increased in the range of 21-40% (38.57%). Impacts of climate change on livestock are pronounced and include heatstroke (82.35%), vector-borne diseases (61.76%), production loss (50%), and death due to heatstroke (35.29%). Adaptation strategies are poorly developed with a desire for a better weather forecast (97.14%) and changing cropping patterns (74.28%). Future adaptation strategies involved an emphasis on high-yielding crop varieties, crop diversification, irrigation water use change, water storage methods, etc. The climate change-induced problems faced by these marginalized farmers are well defined and different from other farmer categories and needs a holistic approach to overcome it. Sustainable adaptation strategies emphasize on climate smart agriculture is the need of the hour to pave the way for sustainable agriculture and sustainable livelihood. This may be perhaps the first study with this aim from the region.</p> Rahul K. Kamble Kumaresh S. Tikadar Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 6 III 01 13 Finance or Revenue Administration in The Chahamanas Dynasty http://www.researchinspiration.com/index.php/ri/article/view/121 <p style="text-align: justify;">The scope of this subject is fairly wide and hence only a modest treatment of its various aspects could be attempted in the following pages. Ruling dynasties are bound to face many ups and downs in the course of their long history, and this is all the more so in case of the Chahamanas, who had their origin, as a political power, in an age of struggle and whose growth and development was beset with various political and social upheavals in the country. However, the divinity of kingship, though exalted in theory, was very much different in practice in India. The person of a pious king was no doubt said to be sacred and sometimes he was defiied as a ruler also, but a wicked king was always described to be a devil incarnate. The Hindu thinkers made it crystal clear that the divinity of kingship did not imply that a king was immune from vices, but, on the contrary, he had more pit-falls, if he deviares from his ‘Dharma’ (royal duties), he is doomed to destruction. He, therefore, generally followed the code of conduct as laid down in the sacred texts. The Räjabhāga or the king's share in the land produce was the main source of income to the state. This was probably called Bhāga- kara or simply Kara or Udranga which varied according to the quality of land from one-twelfth to one-third of the produce. The general practice in vogue appears to have been to realise only one-sixth of the gross produce and it was perhaps on account of this that the revenue collectors were commonly called the Shashthādhikrita. The kingdom abounded in forests and forest produce, and their ownership was claimed by the State. They were either let out or sold by the government, and when- ever any transference of forests was made, lesser officers, called Chata, were informed of it through royal grants so that they might perform their duties accordingly.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Vishwanath Verma Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 6 III 19 23 Protection of Environment Through PIL in India: A Socio–Legal Analysis http://www.researchinspiration.com/index.php/ri/article/view/122 <p style="text-align: justify;">The problem of environmental pollution is a kindle issue not only of India but of the biosphere. Preservation and improvement of environment is essential for the peaceful existence of humanity. The Constitution of India mentions the rules related to environmental protection, and many laws have been passed and implemented by the Indian Parliament from time to time to protect the environment. The Indian judiciary has taken a comprehensive and innovative approach to consider PILs on environmental issues for the protection of healthy environmental rights in the country. In independent India, for a long time, most environmental issues have been raised through PILs. The Supreme Court and various High Courts of the states have given many judicial decisions to protect the environment through PILs. In present times, PIL has become a powerful tool to safeguard the environment in India.</p> Ashish Verma Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 6 III 24 30 10.53724/inspiration/v6n3.05 Abrogation Of The Articles 370 And 35[A]: A Study In The Context Of Recent Development And Future Of The State http://www.researchinspiration.com/index.php/ri/article/view/123 <p style="text-align: justify;">In the present research paper, talks about the provisions related to the abrogation of Article 370 and Article 35–A of the Indian Constitution by the Parliament of India and the circumstances present after that. Article 370 and Article 35–A describe about the special position given to the populaces of Jammu and Kashmir and who are stable populaces of that state and deliver them with special rights which are not available to the rest of the Indians. Section 144 of the Criminal Penal Code is allotted at the time of safety risk during riots. The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act was passed by Parliament, with legislation to bifurcate the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories called the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Union Territory of Ladakh without legislation. The objective behind the repeal and reorganization of these Articles of the Indian Constitution by the Central Government was to integrate Kashmir into India so that the State of Jammu and Kashmir can also take advantage of opportunities which are not available to them, as they had a separate Constitution earlier. Also, its aim was to end terrorism in the nation and accomplish the demand of the persons of Ladakh as they wanted it to become a union territory. Also, this research paper discussions about the past of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the effects of abrogation of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, the effects of the amendment, the world’s reaction to this amendment and finally the future and recent progress of the state.</p> Dr. Ram Charan Meena Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 6 III 31 37 10.53724/inspiration/v6n3.06