State Human Rights Commissions as Enforcement System in India: A Critical Appraisal
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The deprivation and denial of the life and liberty of humans are very common in spite of the enforcement system of human rights, subject to exceptions. The State Human Rights Commissions (SHRCs) are for the better protection of human rights but the term ‘may’ have been used by the competent central legislature of India which has the connotation that to constitute the SHRC is at the discretion of the State governments but discretion cannot be arbitrary and against the Indian Constitution. Some state governments of India still did not constitute the SHRC so far now in these circumstances how the better protection of human rights shall be possible? In the States where SHRCs has been constituted but due to the shortage of staff members or manpower to perform the functions as conferred on the SHRCs, now how the human rights shall be protected of people? In addition to the aforesaid, large pendency of cases also is existent. Whether the Legal Legislative Mandate of the Parliament by way of the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993 (TPHRA) with the intention and objectives of this statue is being complied with or not by the state governments? Keeping in the special views as aforesaid, this research has been conducted which covers the existing State Human Rights Commissions (S.H.R.C.s), functions, power, procedure, the compositions, vacant posts, pendency, disposals, recommendations, registered cases on Suo-motu about the complaints in the furtherance of rule of law and in the adherence of Rule of Law in a democratic society.
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